THE PAPACY DURING THE SUPRESSION & RESTORATION OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS
Three Pontiffs were in place suring the events that led to the supression and restoration of the Jesuits. Here is a timeline of the Key events that unfolded during their pontificates.
Giovanni Ganganelli is born ( he will become Clement XIV ). Ironically the Pope who will suppress the Society of Jesus is educated as a young man by the Jesuits in Rimini.
Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi is born on Christmas Day (he will become Pius VI). He was to study at the Jesuit College in Cessena and leave with a Doctorate in Law
Barnaba Niccolo Maria Luigi Chiaramonti is born (he will become Pius VII) - he joined the Benedictines at the age of 14
Ganganelli elected Pope Clement XIV - with the support of the Bourbon Courts, with the understanding that he would suppress the Society of Jesus. He delayed this for four years working hard to reconcile the fractious European monarchs.
The Brief of Supression Dominus ac Redemptor is reluctantly signed, having been drafted the year before "in the name of peace of the Church and to avoid a secession in Europe"
The Death of Clement - leads to the election of Braschi as Pius VI. He is elected as a compromise candidate between the pro and anti Jesuit factions.
The French Revolution which will eventually lead to the invasion of the Papal States by Napolean Bonaparte (1796) and the imprisonment of Pius VI as Rome is declared a republic
Pius VI dies in exile in France, his remains are eventually brought back to Rome in 1949. A conclave takes place in Venice and Chiaramonti is elected Pope Pius VII. Chastened by the experience of the French Revolution, the Hapsburgs exert a large influence over the conclave, and Pius VII returns to Rome. On his election he wore a papier-mache Papal Tiara as the original had been taken by the French.
Pius VII restores the Society of Jesus in Russia (in 1803 Sicily & Naples, and in 1811 in Britain, Ireland & America)
France reoccupies and annexes the Papal States and Pius is held prisoner and then exiled to Savona - his exile is only finished whe he signs the Concordat of Fontainbleau in 1813
Napolean abdicates - and Pius VII revokes many of the concessions of the Concordat. On the 7th August he restores the universal Society of Jesus with the bull Sollicitudo Omnium Ecclesiarum