Italian Jesuit - who spent 28 years as a missionary in Brasil. On returning to Lisbon was very influential in popularising the retreat movement for priests. He became very influential at the Royal Court in Lisbon much to the chagrin of Carvahlo (Pombal). After claiming that the Lisbon earthquake was due to divine retribution - Malagrida was imprisoned by Carvahlo after an attempt was made on the Kings life. The Vatican resisted his trial on account of treason, but in prison in harsh conditions he went mad and was publicly executed for blasphemy.