Pope Clement the XIII served as pontiff from 1758 to 1769 and was a great supporter of the Jesuits at time when the anti-Jesuit vice was being tightened by the courts of Spain, France and Portugal. During his reign the Jesuits were expelled from France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and Spain. He even wrote a bull Apostolicum Pascendi, in 1965, which praised the Jesuits and dismissed the criticisms of them as gross calumnies. It was Pope Clement XIII to whom all the expelled Jesuits from Portugal were sent by Pombal "as a gift for the Pope" as they landed at Civitavecchia.
A similar 'gift' was sent to him 10 years later by the Spanish King Carlos III. Initially refusing to be swamped by Jesuit refugees the Pope refused to accept them and they ended up in Corsica. However his compassion overcame administrative caution and he was to accept them a year later. Clement steadfastly defended the Jesuits in the face of all their enemies. Shocked by the Spanish Kings abrupt action, Clement dispatched a secret emissary to Madrid with a letter for the King , asking him to explain the reason for their expulsion which had 'wounded Christendom' so that he could punish them if necessary. The Kings reply was evasive and perhaps disingenuous. To spare the world great scandal he would keep in his heart forever the 'abominable conspiracy' that necessitated his actions.
Clement XIII was to die two years later having resisted all pressure to canonically suppress the displaced and exiled Society of Jesus. The conclave that was to follow would be dominated by the pressure of foreign courts to liquidate the Jesuits at their source. You can read in more detail about the conclave elsewhere on this website. A generous and modest Pope, a quirk of his time in the Vatican was his order to mass produce fig leaves to preserve the modesty of the many classical statues in the corridors and courtyards of the Apostolic Palace. Another significant aspect of his papacy was to allow the vernacular translations of the Bible in Catholic Countries - this will give us an interesting link to tomorrows blog.