Today the Franciscan Friar, Lorenzo Ganganelli was elected the Pope Clement XVI, he was the 249th Pope, and in 1773 would suppress the Society of Jesus. His pontificate lasted 5 years 126 days, the second shortest of the 18th Century ( to Innocent XIII). He was the last Pope to take the name Clement. The conclave that elected him was exposed to huge influence and
pressure, particularly from the Bourbon States. The burning issue of the conclave was the suppression of the Jesuits, something that Clement XIII had resisted. Cardinal Ganganelli gave no such promise, but let it known that he though the dissolution was possible and even a good idea.
This 'openess' to the dissolution of the Society was ironic in the sense that Ganganelli had reaped the fruits of a Jesuit education at Rimini, before entering the Friars Minor at the age of nineteen. However he delayed the hour of suppression for as long as he could, and his first encyclical clearly defined his policy: to keep the peace with Catholic princes in order to secure their support in the war against the church. Clement XIV began his attempt at reconciliation by elevating to status of a cardinal Paulo de Carvalho, brother of the infamous Portuguese minister Pombal; chief persecutor of the Jesuits
A grievance common to Catholic princes was the yearly publication, on Holy Thursday, of the censures reserved to the pope; In Coena Domini was a recurrent papal bull between 1363 and 1770, so called from its opening words (Latin "At the table of the Lord", referring to the liturgical feast on which it was annually published in Rome). It was a statement of ecclesiastical censure against heresies, schisms, sacrilege, infringement of papal and ecclesiastical privileges, attacks on person and property, piracy, forgery and other crimes. Owing to the opposition of the sovereigns of Europe, both Protestant and Catholic, who regarded the bull as an infringement of their rights, its publication was discontinued by Pope Clement XIV in 1770. Clement abolished this custom in the first Lent of his pontificate. However this policy of appeasing the monarchs proved not to be enough when it came to the survival of the Jesuits.