Today we remember the anniversary of the final downfall of the Jesuits first and chief persecutor from Portugal - Sebastiao Jose de Carvahlo e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal. Carvahlo (Pombal) basically ran Portugal on behalf of Joseph I who had become paranoid and claustrophobic after the Lisbon earthquake. When the King died on Feb 24th the throne passed to his daughter Maria I who loathed Pombal for his arrogance and violent behaviour. His iron rule was abruptly to come to an end. Maria withdrew all his political offices.
Her loathing of Pombal was almost irrational. She ordered that he must never be within 20 miles of her presence, a decree which has been described as one of histories first restraining orders. In reality this meant that whenever she travelled near his estates he would have to remove himself from his own house. She also refused him a Christian burial when he was to die in 1782. It is probable that a large part of this odium was due to the Queens anger about how Pombal had exploited his power and influence over her father, and how Pombal had organised the education of her son by his adherents in order to sway him to his political agenda. As soon as her father died - she proceeded to undo much of Pombals policies, and free many of his prisoners, giving them amnesties. She also recalled all the exiles except the Jesuits.
Intensely religious and in love with her uncle-husband, the good natured and kind Pedro III. When he died in in 1786 she became melancholic and suffered from religious mania. It was suggested that he mental deterioration was due to porphyria - which had been successful diagnosed in the British King George III (remember the film 'The Madness of George III?) His English physician Francis Willis was brought over to treat the Queen - ultimately without success. She was to mentally deteriorate and her son take over the effective government of the country. She was to die a recluse, lying in bed all day, with visitors complaining of terrible screams filling the palace.